Identify the Source:

Shoulder Pain

The shoulder is the most movable joint in the body and the potential causes of shoulder pain are multiple.
Most shoulder problems involve the soft tissues — muscles, tendons, and ligaments — that hold the bones of the shoulder in place, and include swelling, inflammation, and the splitting or tearing of tendons. Degenerative conditions, such as tendonitis, bursitis or arthritis, as well as the natural aging process, can also result in shoulder pain. Due to the shoulders wide range of motion, problems can be worsened by sports like baseball and tennis, in which the shoulder is extensively used. Other shoulder conditions include shoulder dislocation, shoulder separation, fracture, and “frozen shoulder syndrome,” which occurs when the shoulder is immobilized due to a prior injury.

FYI: According to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, visits to orthopaedic specialists for shoulder pain have been rising since 1998 and in 2005 over 13 million patients sought medical care for shoulder pain, of which only 34% were related to injury.

Our physical therapists are experts in rehabilitation and will help you on your path to recovery. No matter the cause of your shoulder pain, the professionals at BodyWise Physical Therapy will diagnose and treat it using cutting-edge technology and the finest medical attention.

Neck Pain

The neck is the most flexible region of the spine, containing muscles, bones, nerves, arteries, and veins, pain in a neckas well as many ligaments and other supporting structures. Neck pain can begin in any of these structures or may come from other regions near the neck, like the shoulder, jaw, head, and upper arms. Injury or stress can cause damage to the bones and discs in the neck, causing pain, discomfort, numbness and/or tingling sensations. The neck also has many muscles and connective tissues that can be adversely affected by stretching, spasm, or strain. Sudden injury from sports or accidents, herniated discs, blood vessel damage and pressure on the spinal cord are conditions that require medical attention. Other causes, such as stress, poor posture, natural aging, and too much exercise may also necessitate a medical assessment.

FYI: According to the American College of Rheumatology, about 10% of the population has an episode of neck pain each year. Neck pain may occur slightly more frequently in women than in men.

Our physical therapists are experts in rehabilitation and will help you on your path to recovery. Whether your neck pain comes from simple wear and tear, accident or injury, the professionals at Body Wise Physical Therapy will diagnose and treat it using cutting-edge technology and the finest medical attention.

Elbow Pain

The arm is used for many common activities, therefore, elbow pain can cause significant disruption. The most common types of elbow pain are known as “tennis elbow,” which makes it difficult to grip objects, and “golfer’s elbow,” which causes pain on the inside of the elbow joint. Despite their names, these injuries can occur from a wide range of physical activities, such as using a screwdriver or any other twisting or hand-turning motion. Overuse or repeated pressure on the elbow joint can cause small tears to form in the soft tissue, particularly where the tendons anchor to bone. If a number of these tears occur over a period of time, they can cause discomfort and reduced movement of the elbow joint. Degenerative conditions, such as tendonitis, bursitis or arthritis, as well as small fractures, dislocations or nerve irritations caused by accident, can also be the source of elbow pain.

FYI: The strongest risk factor for “tennis elbow” is age. The peak incidence is between 34 and 54 years of age. There is no difference in incidence between men and women, and no connection has been demonstrated between this condition and the dominant hand.

Our physical therapists are experts in rehabilitation and will help you on your path to recovery. Whatever the cause of your elbow pain, the professionals at Body Wise Physical Therapy will diagnose and treat it using cutting-edge technology and the finest medical attention.

Wrist Pain

The wrist is the joint where the lower arm meets the hand. However, what we refer to as one joint is actually comprised of many joints (two arm bones meeting four hand bones), meaning there are many factors that need to be considered when diagnosing a wrist injury. Pain in the wrist is often the result of repetitive stress injuries, like Carpel Tunnel Syndrome or ganglion cysts. Compression of nerves in the neck (cervical spine) can also cause pain that radiates into the wrist and hand. It is imperative to get proper treatment for wrist injuries promptly as the development of scar tissue and injuries left untreated can lead to chronic, painful conditions that are less responsive to treatment.

Our physical therapists are experts in rehabilitation and will help you on your path to recovery. Whatever the cause of your wrist pain, the professionals at Body Wise Physical Therapy will diagnose and treat it using cutting-edge technology and the finest medical attention.

Mid-Back

Pain in the mid-back is most commonly caused by injury or irritation to the muscles and connective tissues. This can happen because of improper rehabilitation from a prior injury, poor posture, stress, exercise, and long hours spent sitting at computers. A more serious mid-back condition can occur when the spinal bones become misaligned, leading to muscle strain, spasm and nerve dysfunction. Mid-back pain can be the result of extraordinary circumstances or something as simple as the way you sit at your desk.

The mid-back is the middle region of the spine and contains the spinal bones called Thoracic Vertebrae. Each of these bones is connected to two opposing ribs. The mid-section of the spine is also connected to a variety of muscles and connective tissue that make up the middle portion of your back. The Thoracic Vertebrae, like the rest of the spinal column, also provides protection for the nerves of your spine and your spinal cord.

Due to its smaller range of motion, the mid-back is less susceptible to the injury, wear and tear that affects the upper and lower back. However, active lifestyles, posture, office environments, and other influences can cause pain and discomfort in the mid-back.

Our physical therapists are experts in rehabilitation and will help you on your path to recovery. Whatever the cause of your mid-back pain, the professionals at Body Wise Physical Therapy will diagnose and treat it using cutting-edge technology and the finest medical attention.

Low-Back

The lower back is a complex area that connects the upper body (including the chest and arms) to the lower body (including the pelvis and legs) and is comprised of several vertebrae, soft cartilage discs, muscles, joints, ligaments, and nerve tissue. Lower back pain is extremely common for people of all ages, often triggered by some combination of overuse, strain, or injury. Heavy lifting, stretching and exercise can cause a strain, spasm or sprain of the lower back. Occasionally, a spinal disc may rupture or bulge outward, causing pressure on the nerves located in the lumbar region. Lower back pain may also be caused by sciatica or degenerative disorders like arthritis and osteoporosis, a disease characterized by thinning of the bones. Lifestyle factors such as lack of exercise, obesity, poor posture, stress, and bad work practices can also contribute to lower back pain.

FYI: According to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, lower back pain is the most common cause of job-related disability and a leading contributor to missed work. Back pain is one of the most common neurological ailments in the United States — second only to headaches.

Our physical therapists are experts in rehabilitation and will help you on your path to recovery. Whatever the cause of your low-back pain, the professionals at Body Wise Physical Therapy will diagnose and treat it using cutting-edge technology and the finest medical attention.

Hip

What many people call their hip is actually the top of the iliac crest (along the waistline.) The true hip is about six inches below the belt line and is where the femur bone (the long bone in the upper leg) articulates with the pelvis. The medical name for the hip joint is the acetabular joint. There are a number of muscles and ligaments that span the hip joint and run in its vicinity, the injury or dysfunction of these can cause pain. Several conditions also refer pain to the hip (just as a heart attack can refer pain to the left arm.) This can be very misleading and falsely lead one to believe there is something wrong with the hip.

Additionally, hip pain can be caused by arthritic changes in the acetabulum itself, but this is usually secondary to poor mechanics or a structural problem (i.e. a short leg) elsewhere in the body. Finally, there are congenital abnormalities and anomalies that can cause hip pain that need to be ruled out, but they are rather uncommon.

Our physical therapists are experts in rehabilitation and will help you on your path to recovery. Whatever the cause of your hip pain, the professionals at Body Wise Physical Therapy will diagnose and treat it using cutting-edge technology and the finest medical attention.

Knee

As the principal weight-bearing joint in the human body, the knee is susceptible to a wide range of knee-paindifficulties. Awkward movements, falls and collisions, sudden twists, and excessive force or overuse can result in a range of injuries to the knee joint and the structures supporting it. Knee pain can also come from inflammatory and degenerative conditions such as bursitis, tendonitis, or gout, with the most common of these conditions being osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis creates a loss of cartilage and damages the cushioning fluid in the knee joint. Sprain, strain, dislocation of the kneecap, or disorders of other parts of the body, such as the hip, may also cause knee pain.

FYI: Osteoarthritis is the most common joint condition worldwide. In America alone, more than 21 million people suffer from osteoarthritis; more than 14 million of those are estimated to have osteoarthritis of the knee.

Our physical therapists are experts in rehabilitation and will help you on your path to recovery. Whatever the cause of your knee pain, the professionals at Body Wise Physical Therapy will diagnose and treat it using cutting-edge technology and the finest medical attention.

Foot Pain

The foot, like the hand, contains many joints, bones, muscles, tendons and ligaments, all of which must beFoot-Pain-Square working in concert to avoid foot pain. Wearing shoes, although obviously necessary, also restricts normal movement of many of these joints in the foot and without proper care can lead to foot problems and even arthritic changes within the foot itself.

Women who wear high-heeled shoes or excessively tight shoes are at a much greater risk for developing foot problems, as well as ankle, knee, hip and low back problems due to the uneven weight distribution caused by heels. Problems in the foot that are not addressed, frequently lead to altering the way we walk in order to decrease pain, which often leads to secondary problems in the knees and lower back.

Our physical therapists are experts in rehabilitation and will help you on your path to recovery. Whatever the cause of your foot pain, the professionals at Body Wise Physical Therapy will diagnose and treat it using cutting-edge technology and the finest medical attention.

Ankle Pain

The ankle is a very complicated structure, similar to its counterpart in the upper body, the wrist. But Ankle painunlike the wrist, the ankle has the added stress of bearing the weight of the entire body above, so correct biomechanics and structure are even more important. It is very common for ankle sprain/strain injuries to become a chronic, recurring problem if not rehabilitated properly.

The nerves of the lumbar plexus run from both sides of the spine in the low back all the way to the toes. Compression of one of these nerves can cause pain anywhere in the leg, including the ankle and foot. This is commonly known as sciatica.

Our physical therapists are experts in rehabilitation and will help you on your path to recovery. Whatever the cause of your ankle pain, the professionals at Body Wise Physical Therapy will diagnose and treat it using cutting-edge technology and the finest medical attention.

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